MacPorts is a command-line package manager for macOS. If you’re familiar with
yum from Linux, then you know what a package manager does. It handles downloading, installing, updating and managing certain applications and their dependencies within macOS. With MacPorts you can install Linux applications on macOS from the command line.
What can I install?
Most of these applications are open-source, command-line utilities, but there are a fair share of “real” open-source, GUI-based applications. as well.
Like any package manager, MacPorts searches a library of downloadable software. When you find what you need, MacPorts downloads and installs the appropriate software and dependencies in the right place. This saves you the trouble of downloading repositories from GitHub and building software from source packages while still getting access to a wide range of Linux’s best command-line tools and GUI applications.
If you read our post on Homebrew, you know that macOS is missing some “standard” Linux terminal commands out of the box. Mac users won’t find common command-line tools like
wget, and there’s no native package manager on the Mac to provide them. You can also use MacPorts to install open-source software like GIMP.
While you can run most of the MacPort commands without Xcode, you won’t be able to run many of the packages until you install it.
Installing Xcode Developer Tools
1. Open Terminal and use the command below to trigger the installation of macOS’ developer tools:
2. Click “Install” in the pop-up box.
3. Wait for the files to download and install.
Installing the MacPorts Package
If you already have the Xcode and the developer tools installed, you can jump right to this step.
1. Download the latest release of MacPorts from GitHub. Make sure you scroll down to choose the version that matches your version of macOS. At the time of publication, there is no version of MacPorts for Apple’s newest OS, High Sierra.
2. Install the package from your Downloads folder.
3. Open a new Terminal window and run the command
If that command returns “MacPorts 2.4.1” and provides a slightly different-looking command prompt, then you’re ready to rock!
Install Linux Apps with MacPorts
To install some Linux apps on macOS with MacPorts, we will first need to search for the relevant programs.
1. To see a gigantic list of all available packages, open Terminal, type
port list and press Enter.
3. Obviously, that’s a lot to look through. We can use the
port search command to find something specific. Let’s search for
nmap using the command below:
4. That returns a few matching packages. The first one, just called “nmap,” is the one we’re looking for.
5. To get more information about that package we can use the
6. That returns some specific information about nmap. That all looks good, so we can install with the command below:
sudo prefix which will require your admin password to fire.
7. Depending on the package you’re installing, there might be a large list of dependencies. These are software packages that your desired port relies on, and you’ll need to install them alongside your port of choice. Type “Y” and press “Enter” to accept the installation.
8. When the installation is complete, you can run the command as you would on Linux via Terminal.
MacPorts is a powerful package manager that will connect you to a huge array of open-source binaries and applications that you can download and install on demand. If you want to learn more of the application’s commands, you can check out the MacPorts Guide for more information.