Setting up sound devices on Windows can be a messy business. Drivers can clash with each other, Windows might misread one kind of sound output as another, and you may have to dive in to your sound settings to figure out exactly what’s going on. When your headphones are not working in Windows 10, it’s time for some troubleshooting.
Of course, all going well, you should be able to plug a sound device in and have it just work, but if that doesn’t happen, this guide is here to swoop in and save you.
First, Isolate the Problem
Before moving on to all the software-based fixes we’ve listed below, it’s important to check that the issue isn’t hardware-related. If it is, then the below fixes probably won’t help you.
The two notable bits of hardware that could be faulty when your headphones aren’t working are the headphones themselves and the port you plug them into. First, plug the headphones into a different device to see if they work there. It’s probably a good sign you need new headphones if they still don’t work.
If they do work on a different device, then try plugging the headphones into a different audio port on the PC on which they don’t work. If they suddenly start working, then it suggests that the problem is with the original port. You can just stick with using your headphones from the new port or read on for our list of fixes.
Make Sure Headphones Are Set as Enabled and Set as Default Device
The other crucial place where you may need to check when your headphones are not working in Windows 10 is the Sound window. The best way to get here is to right-click the speaker icon in the notification area in the corner of Windows, then click “Open Sound Settings.”
In the Sound Settings window, click “Manage sound devices” and see whether your “headset” or “headphones” are under the “Disabled” list. If they are, click them and click “Enable.”
To set your headphones as your default audio device, switching them to automatically connect as soon as they’re plugged in, go back to the Sound Settings menu.
Here, click the “Choose your output device” drop-down and select your headphones from the list.
In the future, you’ll also be able to change your default sound device by simply clicking the speaker icon in the taskbar notification area and selecting your preferred audio device from there.
Update, Reinstall or Replace Sound Drivers
If you plug your headphones in to your Windows 10 PC and get that reassuring “Ding” sound, the good news is that they’re being detected at a hardware level. If your headphones are not working in Windows 10 even with the ding, the bad news is that something’s going wrong at the software end in delivering the sound from PC to headphones.
To fix this, go to “Device Manager -> Sound, video and game controllers,” then select your audio driver. (In our case, it’s “Realtek High Definition Audio.”)
Start by right-clicking the driver, selecting “Update driver,” then “Search automatically for updated driver software.”
That failing, right-click the driver, then “Disable device,” before re-enabling it. Finally, you can also try rolling back the driver by selecting “Properties” from the driver’s right-click menu, then clicking the “Driver” tab and “Roll Back Driver.”
Some users have also reported the following as a fix. On the “Update driver” window, click “Browse my computer for driver software,” then “Let me pick from a list” and select “High Definition Audio Device.” You may get a warning message that the driver may be incompatible. Ignore the message, then go ahead and install the driver.
If this doesn’t work, you can also check the headphone manufacturer’s website for the latest driver.
Change the “Default Format” of Your Headphones
Go back to the Sound window and click the Playback tab. Right-click your headphones (they may appear as “Speakers” if plugged in or as a “2nd Audio output” or similar), then click “Properties” and the Advanced tab.
Try playing around with the “Default Format” of the headphones, clicking “Test” each time you change it to see if you start hearing audio.
Choose HD Audio Over AC97
AC97 and HD Audio are two audio standards that generally connect to the front 3.5mm jack port on plenty of desktop computers. Whether your PC uses one or the other will ultimately depend on which header connects your motherboard to your front sound ports.
Assuming everything is correctly hooked up on the inside (e.g. using the more recent HD Audio header, which detects devices automatically), you should go into your audio driver tool and ensure that your “Connector Settings” are correct.
Our audio driver tool is Realtek HD Audio Manager (found in the Control Panel). Open it, click the Settings cog in the top-right corner, and ensure under “Connector Settings” that “HD Audio Front Panel” is selected.
While you’re here, you can also use headphones as a second audio device instead of replacing your speakers by ticking the box we highlighted in red below.
Ensure Bluetooth is Working Correctly
Another issue with your headphones not working in Windows 10 could be related to Bluetooth. Obviously, this only applies to Bluetooth headphones. There are two main things to look for.
First, ensure your headphones are compatible with Windows 10. If your PC only supports Bluetooth 4.0 but your headphones are 5.0, they may not work correctly.
Right-click Start and choose “Device Manager.” Expand “Bluetooth” to see your current Bluetooth version.
The second issue may be that Bluetooth is turned off in Windows 10. Click Start and type “Bluetooth.” Select “Bluetooth and other device settings.” Toggle Bluetooth to “On.”
It’s also possible that your built-in Bluetooth adapter has failed. Try connecting other Bluetooth devices to see if it’s just your headphones. If nothing works, you may need to buy a USB Bluetooth adapter or dongle.
That wraps it up. Looking for more pointers with Windows 10? How about our guide on how to benchmark the graphics on your Windows 10 PC or our analysis of whether Windows’s default security software, Windows Defender, is enough to protect your online security.