Linux “packages” are just collections of software, and how you install them varies from distro to distro. There are a few ways to quickly check whether a package is currently installed or not. Whether you’re comfortable using the terminal or you’d prefer a more visual approach, here’s how you can check whether or not a package is installed in Linux .
Using Package Managers
Each Linux distro includes a package manager. This, as the name suggests, is the software you use to install or remove software packages. They also include commands that let you see if certain packages are already installed.
On Debian and Ubuntu-based Linux distros, you can check for every installed package with the following command:
apt list --installed
If you want to find a specific package, add the package name after the
--installed flag. For example:
apt list --installed nano
If the package is installed, you’ll see a brief line with the package name and installed version number. Packages that aren’t installed won’t appear at all.
You can also use
dpkg to check for installed packages by typing:
dpkg -s packagename
This will give you a description of the package, including version and size, but it’ll also display whether or not it’s installed.
Arch Linux users can check using
pacman, the Arch package manager. Open a terminal and type:
pacman -Qs packagename
If you’re using Fedora, you can find out the same by using
dnf and typing:
dnf list packagename
These commands will require you to know the name of the package you’re looking for, but certain package managers, like
dnf, allow you to use wildcards like
* to help you search.
Using “which” or “has” on Any Linux Distribution
There are other ways to use the terminal to find out whether a package is installed. The
which command is one example, which shows you the installation location of any package.
If you search for
sudo, for instance, it will display the location of
sudo in “/usr/bin/sudo.” To use it, type:
packagename with the name of your package.
Alternatively, you can also use a third-party solution called has.
You can install it to your Linux machine directly or, if you trust the script, run the script directly from the Internet. You’ll need to have the
curl package installed to be able to do this. Open the terminal and type:
curl -sL https://git.io/_has | bash -s packagename1 packagename2
You can check a single package or several packages at once. Just replace
packagename with the name of your package.
Installed packages will have a green tick next to it along with the version number. Packages that aren’t installed will be displayed with a red cross.
Visual Methods for Checking Installed Packages
If you’d rather avoid the terminal, most Linux package managers come with a GUI alternative to perform the same tasks.
One of the best options, and one that should work across multiple distros, is GNOME Software. This will work with various package managers like
pacman, and comes pre-installed with Ubuntu.
It has a simple GUI with an “installed” section that lists installed software on your PC, although it’s simplistic and won’t list every package.
If you need more detailed information, Debian and Ubuntu-based distributions can use the Synaptic Package Manager. This is a GUI wrapper for
aptthat lets you search through and install packages, as well as see which packages you already have installed.
Installed packages will be displayed with a green checkbox next to the package name, as well as the package version, listed under the “Installed Version” category.
You may need to install it first (which will involve opening the terminal), but the installation is quick. Open the terminal and type:
sudo apt install synaptic
Arch Linux users have a variety of GUI wrappers for
pacman, their package manager, to choose from. You can find out more about these from the Arch Linux wiki.
Easily Identifying Installed Packages
One of the biggest benefits of Linux is choice. You can fall back on your distro’s package manager, or you can use third-party solutions like
has to find out if a package is already installed.
If you’re not comfortable using the terminal, you can use your GUI to check installed packages instead. Some of the best Linux distros for beginners make it easy to avoid the terminal completely, thanks to their own GUI software installers like GNOME Software.
Which method do you prefer? Let us know in the comments below.
Our latest tutorials delivered straight to your inbox